Edited works of Michael Psellos Dennis, G.
Menologium Although the word Menologium in English also written Menology and Menologe has been in some measure, as we shall see, adopted for Western use, it is originally and in strictness a name describing a particular service-book of the Greek Church.
Like a good many other liturgical terms, e. The Menaia usually in twelve volumes, one to each month, but sometimes bound in three, form an office-book, which in the Greek Church, corresponds, though very roughly, to the Proprium Sanctorum of the Breviary.
They include all the movable parts of the services connected with the commemoration of saints and in particular the canons sung in the Orthros, the office which corresponds with our Lauds, including the synaxaries, i.
The Synaxaries are read in this place very much as the Martyrologium for the day is interpolated in the choral recitation of Prime in the offices of Western Christendom. Such a collection, consisting as it does purely of historical matter, bears a considerable resemblance, as will be readily understood, to our Martyrology, although the notices of the saints are for the most part considerably larger and fuller than those found in our Martyrology, while on the other hand the number of entries is smaller.
The "Menology of Basil", a work of early date often referred to in connexion with the history of the Greek Offices, is a book of this class. The saints' days are briefly named and the readings indicated beside each; thus the document so designated corresponds much more closely to a calendar than anything else of Western use to which we can compare it.
This arrangement has always been a favourite one also in the great Legendaria of the West, and it might be illustrated from the "Acta Sanctorum" or the well-known Lives of the Saints by Surius.
The Greek compilers however regard September as the first and August as the last month of the ecclesiastical year. As for propriety of usage it must be confessed that the question is primarily one of convenience; but on the whole it seems desirable that the term Menologium should be limited to the fourth acceptation among those just given.
One of the most important collections of this kind is that made by a writer in the second half of the tenth century known to us as Symeon Metaphrastes.
Something more than ten years ago Father Delehaye and Professor Albert Ehrhard working independently succeeded for the first time in correctly grouping together the works which are really attributable to this author, but great uncertainty still remains as to the provenance of his materials, and as to the relation between this collection and certain contracted biographies many of which exist among the manuscripts of our great libraries.
The synaxaries, or histories for liturgical use, are nearly all extracted from the older Menologia, but Fr. Delehaye who has given special attention to the study of this class of documents, considers that the authors of these compendia have added, though sparsely, materials of their own, derived from various sources.
See Delehaye in his preface to the "Synaxarium Eccles. Menologies in the West The fact that the word Martyrology was already consecrated to a liturgical or quasi-liturgical compilation arranged according to months and days, and including only canonized saints and festivals universally received, probably led to the employment of the term Menologium for works of a somewhat analogous character, of private authority, not intended for liturgical use and including the names and elogia of persons in repute for sanctity but not in any sense canonized Saints.
In most of the religious orders it became the custom to commemorate the memory of their dead brethren specially renowned for holiness or learning. In more than one such order during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the collection of these short eulogistic biographies was printed under the name of Menologium and generally so arranged as to form a selection for each day of the year.
Since they were made by private authority which could not pronounce judgment on the sanctity of those so commemorated, the Church prohibited the reading of these compilations as part of the Divine Office; but this did not prevent the formation of such menologies for private use or even the reading of them aloud in the chapter-house or refectory.
In lieu of the concluding formula "Et alibi aliorum" etc. The earliest printed work of this kind is possibly that which bears the title "Menologium Carmelitanum" compiled by the Carmelite, Saracenus, and printed at Bologna in ; but this is not arrranged day by day in the order of the ecclesiastical year, and it does not include members of the order yet uncanonized.Symeon Metaphrastes.
Rewriting and canonization. By Christian Høgel. Pp. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, £32 (caninariojana.com ). 87 2 - Volume 55 Issue 1 - .
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Symeon Metaphrastes. Forfatter: Christian Høgel: Rewriting and Canonization. The first monograph on the most important Byzantine redactor of saint's lives; A detailed study of the life and working methods of Symeon Metaphrastes.
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We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Symeon Metaphrastes: rewriting and canonization / by: Hoegel, Symeon of Durham: historian of Durham and the North / Published: () Leontius von Byzanz und die gleichnamigen Schriftsteller der griechischen Kirche.
by: Loofs, Friedrich,