Nichol, James Jim and Walter became workers.
But within a few years, the industry was on its knees. Shipbuilding's boom years came in the early 20th century stimulated by the build up of demand for warships and ship repair yards.
Then came the steepest slump on record, with heavy job losses and unemployment.
The Second World War once again brought prosperity followed by a brief revival in the s but this was short lived. From the early s the yards struggled to find work with a lack of orders and increasing competition.
The yard's first ship was the Victoria, a paddle steamer launched in the same year. Wearsiders watch the launch of a ship in the s In Swan Hunter became a business, Jardine ship builing in the early launched ships that became famous worldwide including the Mauretania, the 'queen of the ocean', which was launched in Wallsend in The yard went on to build the Carpathia inwhich braved icebergs to rescue the survivors of the Titanic, and the Dominion Monarch, the largest diesel motor driven ship in the world when completed in Over its history Swans launched over ships ranging from cargo liners, ferries and ice breakers to destroyers, frigates and submarines.
In the late s Swan Hunter built eight supertankers including the Esso Northumbria, the first new-style supertanker in At its peak the yard employed 3, men but competition from abroad increased, resulting in job losses and periods of stagnation.
In May the receivers were called in and job losses of over 2, were announced. In the mid s Swan Hunter Tyneside was formed. Naval shipbuilding Invincible is launched at Barrow Barrow has a long history of naval shipbuilding with Vickers having developed a reputation for naval shipbuilding.
The name of the yard was changed to the Barrow Ship Building Company BSBC when it was discovered that there was already another company building iron ships further down the coast at Birkenhead.
At the end of the 19th century the company was bought by Vickers. In Vickers was awarded the contract for the Royal Navy's first ever submarines.
Britain's first nuclear submarine 'Dreadnought' and first Polaris-armed ballistic nuclear submarine 'Resolution' were also built at the yard.
The HMS Invincible was one of the many ships built by the yard, and it was one of the largest ever ships commissioned by the Royal Navy. The building of the Invincible created 30, related jobs, and the ship itself was launched in the Queen's Jubilee year. Where ships were born Wearside has a proud year history of shipbuilding dating back to when Thomas Menville was recorded as building vessels.
Shipyard worker on the Wear in the s In Sunderland had 65 shipyards, and by the mid twentieth century, the town produced more than a quarter of the nation's total tonnage of merchant and naval ships for World War Two. Sunderland was once dubbed 'the largest shipbuilding town in the world', and employed a wide variety of shipyard workers - bumpers up, holders down, rivet catchers, welders, foremen, ship fitters, tuners and boiler makers to name a few.
In the boom year of the early s, the yards employed over 12, men, a third of the town's adult population. When the shipbuilding industry was nationalised inBritish Shipbuilders took over most of the larger yards.By the early s, Essex no longer had its own fishing fleet, but had turned to year-round shipbuilding fostering a symbiotic relationship with the successful fishermen in Gloucester.
In other words, when Gloucester had successful fishing runs and needed more boats, Essex prospered by supplying the boats. The year was a particularly good year in shipbuilding, as the overseas demand for timber was still heavy, and in a period of 2 months, John Jardine launched 3 ships, the barque INTERGRITY on May 25, the barque INDEPENDANT on June 11, and the INTREPID in early July.
William Jardine (24 February – 27 February ) was a Scottish physician and merchant who co-founded the Hong Kong based conglomerate Jardine, Matheson & Co.
Following his return to England from the Far East, between and , he was Member . Ships like the Mediterranean galleys and the nordic drakkar relied mainly on oars for propulsion aided by square sails when there was a following wind.
They would be steered with a "side oar" that would hang off the back of the boat. Jardine's sister company in Calcutta, Jardine Skinner & Co. was established in by David Jardine of Balgray and John Skinner Steuart, it became a major force in the tea, jute and rubber trades.
During the Second World War the company changed its name to Jardine, Henderson, Ltd., later run . An insight into ship building in the North Sea/Baltic areas of the early medieval period was found at Sutton Hoo, England, where a ship was buried with a chieftain.
The ship was 26 metres (85 ft) long and, metres (14 ft)  wide.