The foundational text of the faith is the Epistles of Wisdom. Even though they have been a minority for their entire history, they have played a significant role in shaping the history of the Levant. Although the faith originally developed out of Ismaili IslamDruze are usually not considered Muslims.
India is a diverse multiethnic country that is home to thousands of small ethnic and tribal groups. That complexity developed from a lengthy and involved process of migration and intermarriage.
The great urban culture of the Indus civilization, a society of the Indus… Ethnic diversity is one form of the social complexity found in most contemporary societies. Historically it is the legacy of conquests that brought diverse peoples under the rule of a dominant group; of rulers who in their own interests imported peoples for their labour or their technical and business skills; of industrialization, which intensified the age-old Indigenous groups of migration for economic reasons; or of political and religious persecutions that drove people from their native lands.
Until the 20th century ethnic diversity posed no great problems for empires.
Learn about the world's million Indigenous Peoples Featuring news, videos, reports, and profiles on more than distinct Indigenous cultures. New profiles are constantly being added. Many indigenous organizations, ranging from small community-based groups to national bodies, have arisen to fight for better living conditions for this population. They have campaigned for access to education, health services, potable water, credits, fair wages, political representation, consultation, the protection of local environments, and official recognition of their languages and traditional skills as . a group of indigenous people of the southern Philippines. It is a Cebuano term meaning "native" or "indigenous". The term is short for Katawhang Lumad literally "indigenous peoples", the autonym officially adopted by the delegates of the Lumad Mindanaw Peoples Federation LMPF founding assembly on 26 June at the Guadalupe Formation Center.
Its chief historic significance has been and remains its relationship to the nation-statewhose primary goal is political unity, which tends to be identified with social unity.
More common solutions have been assimilation or acculturationwhether forced, induced, or voluntary. Forced assimilation was imposed in early modern times by the English conquerors, themselves an amalgam of Saxon and Norman elements, when they suppressed the native language and religion in the Celtic lands of Wales, Scotland, and Ireland.
But both public policy and public opinion also contributed to American assimilation. Another way of dealing with ethnic diversity, one that holds more promise for the future, is the development of some form of pluralismwhich usually rests on a combination of toleration, interdependence, and separatism.
One of the most notable long-term solutions has been that of Switzerlandwhere the three major ethnic groups are concentrated in separate cantons, each enjoying a large measure of local control within a democratic federation.
Another, less stable federal pluralism is found in Canada, where the French Catholic province of Quebec is increasingly assertive about its desire for complete independence and forced acculturation of its own ethnic minorities.
The political function of ethnicity is more important today than ever, as a result of the spread of doctrines of freedom, self-determination, and democracy throughout the world.
In 19th-century Europe, these doctrines influenced various movements for the liberation of ethnic minorities from the old European empires and led to some partially successful attempts to establish nation-states along ethnic lines, as in the case of Poland and Italy.
After World War II the rising tide of democratic aspirations among the colonial peoples of Asia and Africa led to the breakup of empires established by European conquerors, sometimes in areas of enormous ethnic complexity, without regard to ethnic considerations.
The result was a proliferation of national states, some of which experienced local conflicts with ethnic-related causes. Most of the new countries in Asia were relatively homogeneousbut the majority of those in sub-Saharan Africa were composed of many relatively small ethnic groups whose members spoke different languages.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Indigenous peoples today, are arguably among the most disadvantaged and vulnerable groups of people in the world. To meet the definition of "indigenous people" for certain purposes has criteria which try to include cultural groups along with their continuity or association with a given region, or parts of a region, and who used to or are still inhabitants of the region before or its subsequent colonization or alongside other cultural groups during the formation.
DEFINING INDIGENOUS PEOPLES There is no rigid definition of what makes a group Indigenous, but the United Nations and the International Labour Organization have outlined a few characteristics that usually define an Indigenous group: We are descended from the pre-colonial/pre-invasion inhabitants of .
There are approximately million Indigenous people in the world, belonging to 5, different groups, in 90 countries worldwide. Indigenous people live in every region of .
Indigenous peoples are any ethnic group of peoples who are considered to fall under one of the internationally recognized definitions of Indigenous peoples, such as United Nations, the International Labour Organization and the World Bank, i.e.
"those ethnic groups that were indigenous to a territory prior to being incorporated into a national state, and who are politically and culturally separate from the . Learn about the world's million Indigenous Peoples Featuring news, videos, reports, and profiles on more than distinct Indigenous cultures.
New profiles are constantly being added.