Sex is a more scientific term that explains physical traits and sexual preferences. Gender carries a more social tone.
Some studies have found that gender preference is exacerbated when fertility declines. Many studies have also looked at the impact of availability of family planning on fertility.
My work contributes to this literature by linking these together and measuring the impact of fertility control policies on gender preference at birth.
Also, it presents the first quantitative study of gender preference at birth in Iran.
In the first essay, I provide a short history of fertility policies and population transition in Iran.
In the second essay, I look at the government provided family planning program and its impact on the fertility decline in rural Iran.
In the third essay, I examine the extent of gender preference at birth in Iran and its impact on fertility decisions, using gender composition of first two children as a random experiment. I find that parents with a first born daughter will, on average, have more children; daughters are followed more quickly with another birth; and among all gender compositions, mothers with two daughters are most likely to continue child bearing.
I exploit the quasi-experimental expansion of rural health clinics providing family planning services in rural Iran. Using a difference in difference method, with village fixed effectsI estimate the impact of access to family planning on gender biased fertility decisions.
However, there is no difference in this probability based on gender composition of children. I find that access to family planning does not exacerbate son preference expressed through fertility in rural Iran.Gender Preference Essay - Is it a boy or a girl.
It's a question that we have probably heard a lot and that is because regardless to all the advancements and improvements that we have witnessed, our society keeps that touch of sexism that pushes it to ask about the .
Preferences of Gender Some might argue that there is a difference in the parenting of a boy compared to that of a girl. However true this may be, one must recognize and disregard the sexist implications that have been portrayed for generations.
Essay: The Difference Between Sex and Gender In today’s society sex and gender seem to have two separate connotative meanings. Sex is a more scientific term that . Preferences of Gender Some might argue that there is a difference in the parenting of a boy compared to that of a girl.
However true this may be, one must recognize and disregard the sexist implications that have been portrayed for generations. This essay will relate sex in comparison to gender and eventually how the latter develops. The term “sex” refers to the genetic makeup, internal reproductive organs and the organization of the brain of individuals that distinguish them as male or female.
Gender and Music Preference There are many distinct forms and genres of songs that people admire. Even older genres that have appeared to die out still have fans like disco or even polka.