Marxism Marxism In the Novel Throughout time, rulers and controlling governments have used the ideas of Marxism to take and maintain control over the working class.
Orwell depicts a totalitarian dystopian world where there is no freedom and citizens are being brainwashed constantly. Without any sense of individual fairness, people work for the party just like the gear wheels in a machine.
The Party uses propaganda as the deadliest weapon of control. There are mainly two types of propaganda, one changes truth, so-called doublethink, and another creates fear. The idea of the slogan is to convince the citizens that what they want, is what they already have.
Only war can make peace and harmony, so peace is no longer peace, it becomes war; anyone who is slaved and wants freedom, he already has freedom; you can only strengthen yourself by not knowing things and being ignorant. It is nearly everywhere in the country and usually presented beneath the picture of Big Brother on a poster.
It creates fear of obliterated privacy among citizens by alerting them that they are watched all the time. The party uses this to make them believe that within the party nothing can go wrong, and without Big Brother they will not have such lives.
Everyone thinks he is safe in Oceania because of the Big Brother, but they are in fact in danger, all the time. No parties, no dates, no love, no citizens walk on street after curfew, laws are everywhere in Oceania.
Although these are strictly implemented, they cannot be called laws theoretically because they are not written in a system. There is no written laws inthere is no such thing as constitution or court, but that is exactly how fear is created, as citizens are always living in uncertainty.
There is no law that defines thoughtcrime However, Winston could be arrested any time for committing thoughtcrime by even a tiny facial twitch suggesting struggle, and his nervous system literally becomes his biggest enemy.
Since there is no written law, the Party can change and adjust the strictness of laws freely as it wants, citizens never know if they have committed any crime, therefore no one is brave enough to defy the Party by any level, so fear is created. Citizens then cannot have their own critical thinking, and only do what they are told to do, they work just as computers, which surprisingly only have two words.
There is a two-way screen, so-called television in every apartment and on street but they only serve the purpose of monitoring and propaganda, the Party gets simultaneous image of what its people are doing.
Even facial expression can be detected. Only senior members of the Inner Party have the power to turn them off for a short period. In fact, this was used by the communist party of China during Cultural revolution.
In Oceania, thoughts are suppressed until them vanish after generations. In this world, nothing is free, even a bird.In George Orwell's , Winston Smith is an open source developer who writes his code offline because his ISP has installed packet sniffers that are regulated by the government under the Patriot Act.
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Re read pages and describe the setting/atmosphere in your own words The first few chapters of are devoted to introducing the major characters and themes of the novel.
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