Early life[ edit ] Louisa May Alcott was born on November 29, in Germantown which is now part of PhiladelphiaPennsylvania, on her father's 33rd birthday. She was the daughter of transcendentalist and educator Amos Bronson Alcott and social worker Abby May and the second of four daughters: Bronson Alcott's opinions on education and tough views on child-rearing shaped young Alcott's mind with a desire to achieve perfection, a goal of the transcendentalists. The three years they spent at the rented Hosmer Cottage were described as idyllic.
Walt Whitman was named after his father, a carpenter and farmer who was 34 years old when Whitman was born. Trained as a carpenter but struggling to find work, he had taken up farming by the time Walt was born, but when Walt was just about to turn four, Walter Sr.
Whitman later came to view this event as a kind of laying on of hands, the French hero of the American Revolution anointing the future poet of democracy in the energetic city of immigrants, where the new nation was being invented day by day. Walt Whitman is thus of the first generation of Americans who were born in the newly formed United States and grew up assuming the stable existence of the new country.
Pride in the emergent nation was rampant, and Walter Sr. His mother, on the other hand, served throughout his life as his emotional touchstone. There was a special affectional bond between Whitman and his mother, and the long correspondence between them records a kind of partnership in attempting to deal with the family crises that mounted over the years, as Jesse became mentally unstable and violent and eventually had to be institutionalized, as Hannah entered a disastrous marriage with an abusive husband, as Andrew became an alcoholic and married a prostitute before dying of ill health in his 30s, and as Edward required increasingly dedicated care.
Walt loved living close to the East River, where as a child he rode the ferries back and forth to New York Cityimbibing an experience that would remain significant for him his whole life: The act of crossing became, for Whitman, one of the most evocative events in his life—at once practical, enjoyable, and mystical.
The daily commute suggested the passage from life to death to life again and suggested too the passage from poet to reader to poet via the vehicle of the poem. By crossing Brooklyn ferry, Whitman first discovered the magical commutations that he would eventually accomplish in his poetry.
While in Brooklyn, Whitman attended the newly founded Brooklyn public schools for six years, sharing his classes with students of a variety of ages and backgrounds, though most were poor, since children from wealthy families attended private schools. Whitman had little to say about his rudimentary formal schooling, except that he hated corporal punishment, a common practice in schools and one that he would attack in later years in both his journalism and his fiction.
The idyllic Long Island countryside formed a sharp contrast to the crowded energy of the quickly growing Brooklyn-New York City urban center. This dual allegiance can be traced in his poetry, which is often marked by shifts between rural and urban settings.
Self-Education and First Career By the age of eleven, Whitman was done with his formal education by this time he had far more schooling than either of his parents had receivedand he began his life as a laborer, working first as an office boy for some prominent Brooklyn lawyers, who gave him a subscription to a circulating library, where his self-education began.
Always an autodidact, Whitman absorbed an eclectic but wide-ranging education through his visits to museums, his nonstop reading, and his penchant for engaging everyone he met in conversation and debate.
InWhitman became an apprentice on the Long Island Patriot, a liberal, working-class newspaper, where he learned the printing trade and was first exposed to the excitement of putting words into print, observing how thought and event could be quickly transformed into language and immediately communicated to thousands of readers.
At the age of twelve, young Walt was already contributing to the newspaper and experiencing the exhilaration of getting his own words published. These early years on his own in Brooklyn and New York remained a formative influence on his writing, for it was during this time that he developed the habit of close observation of the ever-shifting panorama of the city, and a great deal of his journalism, poetry, and prose came to focus on catalogs of urban life and the history of New York City, Brooklyn, and Long Island.
Brother Jeff, fourteen years younger than Walt, would become the sibling he felt closest to, their bond formed when they traveled together to New Orleans inwhen Jeff was about the same age as Walt was when Jeff was born.
But while Jeff was a young child, Whitman spent little time with him. Walt remained separated from his family and furthered his education by absorbing the power of language from a variety of sources: By the time he was sixteen, Walt was a journeyman printer and compositor in New York City.
As he turned 17, the five-year veteran of the printing trade was already on the verge of a career change. Schoolteaching Years His unlikely next career was that of a teacher.
Teaching was therefore an escape but was also clearly a job he was forced to take in bad economic times, and some of the unhappiest times of his life were these five years when he taught school in at least ten different Long Island towns, rooming in the homes of his students, teaching three-month terms to large and heterogeneous classes some with over eighty students, ranging in age from five to fifteen, for up to nine hours a daygetting very little pay, and having to put up with some very unenlightened people.
After the excitement of Brooklyn and New York, these often isolated Long Island towns depressed Whitman, and he recorded his disdain for country people in a series of letters not discovered until the s that he wrote to a friend named Abraham Leech: He did not hesitate to use his own poems—which he was by this time writing with some frequency, though they were rhymed, conventional verses that indicated nothing of the innovative poetry to come—as texts in his classroom.
While he would continue to write frequently about educational issues and would always retain a keen interest in how knowledge is acquired, he was clearly not suited to be a country teacher.
He had interrupted his teaching in to try his luck at starting his own newspaper, The Long Islanderdevoted to covering the towns around Huntington. He bought a press and type and hired his younger brother George as an assistant, but, despite his energetic efforts to edit, publish, write for, and deliver the new paper, it folded within a year, and he reluctantly returned to the classroom.
Newspaper work made him happy, but teaching did not, and two years later, he abruptly quit his job as an itinerant schoolteacher.
The reasons for his decision continue to interest biographers. One persistent but unsubstantiated rumor has it that Whitman committed sodomy with one of his students while teaching in Southold, though it is not possible to prove that Whitman actually even taught there.
The rumor suggests he was run out of town in disgrace, never to return and soon to abandon teaching altogether. But in fact Whitman did travel again to Southold, writing some remarkably unperturbed journalistic pieces about the place in the late s and early s.
It seems far more likely that Whitman gave up schoolteaching because he found himself temperamentally unsuited for it. And, besides, he had a new career opening up: Best of all, to nurture that career, he would need to return to New York City and re-establish himself in the world of journalism.
Whitman the Fiction Writer How ambitious was Whitman as a writer of short fiction?Louisa May Alcott was an American novelist. She is best known for the novel Little Women and its sequels Little Men and Jo's Boys.
Little Women was set in the Alcott family home, Orchard House in Concord, Massachusetts, and published in Louisa May Alcott biography Louisa May Alcott (–) Louisa May Alcott was an American poet and novelist known above all for the novels Little Women () and Good Wives () about the childhood and adolescence of four sisters, based on her own childhood experience.
Work/' >Louisa May Alcott (November 29, March 6, ) was an American novelist, best known for the novel Little Women, which she wrote in Alcott was the daughter of noted Transcendentalist Amos Bronson Alcott and Abigail May the third, and though of New England parentage and residence, was born in Germantown, now part of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Louisa May Alcott was an American novelist, widely appreciated for the timeless classic novel ‘Little Women’. She was a free spirited girl in her childhood who wanted to become a successful actress and travel the world but her family responsibilities kept her engaged throughout her caninariojana.com Of Birth: Germantown, Pennsylvania, United States.
|Other resources||She grew up with younger brothers Edward Jefferson and Walter Andrews. Eudora soon developed a love of reading reinforced by her mother, who believed that "any room in our house, at any time in the day, was there to read in, or to be read to.|
|Louisa May Alcott: Biography||Published inLittle Women is set in the Alcott family home, Orchard House, in Concord, Massachusetts and is loosely based on Alcott's childhood experiences with her three sisters. The novel was very well received and is still a popular children's novel today.|
|Keep Exploring Britannica||This novel is loosely based on her childhood experiences with her three sisters. Louisa was the daughter of Amos Bronson Alcott, and though of New England parentage and residence, was born in Germantown, now part of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the 29th of November|
Poets' Corner - A, B - Catalog of online works indexed alphabetically by author. I discussed the history of royalty and same-sex relationships with Kayla Epstein at the Washington Post.
Here is an excerpt from the article: “Ordinarily, the wedding of a junior member of the British royal family wouldn’t attract much global attention.